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OAN ANALYSIS OF DIRECT REQUEST AND CONVENTIONALLY INDIRECT REQUEST IN ANDREA HIRATA’S NOVEL THE RAINBOW TROOPS
Tahun 2015
Penulis Laely Wahidatul masudah
Pembimbing Noor Malihah, Ph.D
Subyek AN ANALYSIS
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Abstrak
This study is mainly aimed to describe the direct request and conventionally indirect request in direct speeches. This study answers two questions (1) how is the frequency of direct request and conventionally indirect request used in Andrea Hirata‘s novel The Rainbow Troops? (2) How direct request and conventionally indirect request used in Andrea Hirata‘s novel The Rainbow Troops is analyzed using Hymes‘ ethnography of SPEAKING? The writer used a descriptive qualitative method to categorize and anal yze the direct speeches. The data were gathered from Andrea Hirata‘s novel The Rainbow Troops. In the analysis of the data, the entire main request acts are categorized according to Rue and Zhang (2008) and Hymes‘ (1974). There are three findings in this study. Firstly, the frequency of direct request to occur in Andrea Hirata‘s novel extremely higher (90.9%) than conventionally indirect request (9.1 %). The findings contradict to Blum-Kulka and House (1989) findings. It is assumed that the reason is a matter of cultural and grammatical issues arised from the data. Secondly, direct request strategy used in this study can be classified into four categories (mood derivable, performative, obligation statement, and want statement) and for conventionally indirect request there are two different categories (suggestory formula, and query preparatory). Mood derivable is the most dominant form among the other three categories which support the previous findings. Thirdly, based on Hymes‘ ethnography of SPEAKING, expressions showing request strategies, is not merely to show the real request. Based in the data in this study, there are six different aims inferred from the context to show how direct request and conventionally indirect request are used. Although, among six aims, to express the real request is still the most dominant one